In the list below, we will introduce you the best and most famous dishes of Rasht, because the diversity of food in the city has led to the registration as the creative city of food in UNESCO.
Rasht foods are very diverse and you will have a gourmet meal, with any taste you have, in the world of delicious desserts. Come along with Iran Magic Travel to explore the list of dishes and explore the delicious cuisine.
Food habits of people in Rasht
Food is very important for the people pf Guilan and it is one of most significant aspects of their lives. Its importance can be seen in the province’s diversity of dishes, especially in Rasht which is the center of Guilan province. The reason for the formation of these varied and colorful foods can be due to the climate of this region, which gave diverse vegetation and animal diversity, and this diversity has had an impact on the formation of the people’s food culture. The existence of plants, poultry and various marine animals opens the door to create diverse cuisines.
A variety of delicious flavors such as pomegranate sauce, garlic, olive oil should not be ignored since they are constant ingredients of Gilaki foods and specify originality of the foods of this area. Garlic, eggplant and tomatoes are one of the most nutritious ingredients for making foods. Gilan rice, which is famous all over the world, often is used instead of bread for the meals and it is mostly cooked in the form of Kateh. One of the most important results of a healthy diet and a variety of feeds in this geographical climate is the increase in life expectancy among its inhabitants; they have the highest life expectancy among Iranian cities. This variety of food in Gilan people’s tables has been remarkable throughout the history, and it has been so amazing that tourists pointed to the Gilani food and its features in their travels; Alexander skarsgård, the poet, the Islamologist and Polishologist , for example, in his book entitled as “ “The Land of Guilan” wrote about the food of Gilani people:
Guilan people use salted fish more as a condiment, than as a basic food ingredient.
On the other hand, Louie Robinho, the British Consul General in Rasht, in the early 20th century, said in the book “Provinces of Daralmars of Iran” about Gilani foods:
The main food of Gilani is chelo (boiled rice with water) and a piece of salted fish. People in the big population centers do not eat bread in this area.
National registry of some foods of Rasht (Rashti Food)
It is interesting to know that toward the importance and attention to the foods of this lush area, foods such as Morghe Torsh (Sour Chicken), Anarbij, Baqala Qatoq, Mirzacasmie and Zioton Parvardeh and 6 other local food are in the national registration stage.
Having been familiar with the food habits of the people of Gilan and Rasht, and having found the main reason for all this variety and diversity, we are going to list a selection of 170 delicious Gilani foods.
Kateh Kebab or Rashti Polo Keban is one of the most popular and common foods in Guilan province. People of Gilan use beef to prepare this delicious meal, and to taste it, it must be laid down in materials like yogurt, olive oil and onion water. The meat should be kept in these materials for about 24 hours and then it must be grilled. This delicious food is always served with a plate of delicious flavors such as bacon crumble, cucumber and spawn, and, of course, Kateth (a kind of boiled rice).
2. Sour Kebab
This food is one of the most popular barbecues among the people of Gilan and Mazandaran, and it can be made with both beef and sheep. To make this meal, onions, garlic, pomegranate sauce, and chopped walnuts are added to the meat, and the pomegranate sauce is also used to make it sour. After being grilled, the flavored meat is served with Kateh(boiled rice).
3. Guilani Sour Chicken
This very tasty stew is very different from the Mazandrani Sour Chicken and as like as other Iranian stews, beans are used to make it. This food is cooked with chicken, leek, onion, fragrant herbs (turmeric, parsley, coriander, peppermint, and grapefruit), garlic, eggs and a little orange juice. After the stew is cooked, the stirred egg is added to it, and after 10 minutes it can be served with rice.
4. Mirza Ghasemi
Mirza Ghasemi is a delicious meal that you may have tasted over and over again. It is interesting to know that the inventor of this food was a man named Mohammad Qasem Khan Vali, Iran’s ambassador to Russia, and ruler of Guilan during the reign of Nasir al-Din Shah. He was very interested in cooking, and after returning from St. Petersburg to Iran, he propagated this food in Rasht and, using his name, referred to Mirza Ghasemi. This delicious dish is a mix of grilled eggplant, a lot of garlic, sauce, fresh tomatoes and eggs served with rice and bread.
5. Torsheh Tareh
Using rice, garlic, eggs, orange juice or bergamot, a variety of flavored herbs (turmeric, parsley, coriander, spinach and a little peppermint), Gulani people make a food called” Torsheh Tareh”, and of course they optionally add flour to these substances. Torsheh Tareh Ghellani can be served along with rice, bread, along with smoked fish or salty fish, and various types of Gilani flavors, such as Caspian kutum , garlic, raw bean, and more.
6. Shevid Ghormeh
It is actually a stew similar to Ghormeh Sabzi which is served in all parts of Iran. With this big difference that fresh drill is used in Shevid Ghormeh They use green tomatoes instead of lemon Omani to sip it. Sliced meat, onions, spices, green tomatoes and red beans are the ingredients of this stew.
7. Aloo Musamma
To make this gourmet stew, chicken or duck are used, but using duck is more common in Gilan. Eggplant, Tomato, Bukhara Plum, Black Prune, Sour Tomato Sauce, Sugar and spice are other ingredients used to cook this meal. Note that this stew must be served a little watery, and sometimes fried eggplant and tomatoes are used to decorate it.
8. Fesenjun (Morghe Fesenjun or Morgheh Laku)
Fesenjun Rashti is one of the most popular Gilan Majestic stews, which is provided at formal weddings and parties. Chicken or duck are used to make this food. To make this, bake chopped nuts and pomegranate sauce should be boiled, then chicken or duck should be added, and the stew will fit well.
It is interesting to know that in the past, farmers used to donate rice and other gifts such as Laku chicken stew to their masters as well.
Vavishka is considered to be a non-indigenous food of Guilan, which entered the food culture of the people of Guilan at the time of Russian influence in Iran. Vavishka is also known as Haggis and jozboz in Tabriz, which can be cooked with chicken liver, sheep and even gut and white lamb. Onions, spices, paste, potatoes and eggs are the ingredients of this food.
10. Anar Bij
This delicious meal is served with meat, scented vegetables such as leek, parsley, coriander, walnut, pomegranate sauce and pomegranate seeds. This food is similar to Fesenjun , and it should be served thick and sticky. The taste of Gilan rice along with this stew, makes it more desirable.
11. Sir Ghelyeh
If we want to consider the root of the word “Gheyeh”, it’s basically called the stew that uses meat, but “Ghelyehs” have a variety of types, perhaps the most famous of which are the southern fish’s Ghelyeh. Gilani people with their own art and initiative, have a delicious Ghelyeh in their own table, which is perfectly matched to the food they eat in their living area and is based on fresh garlic. Chicken or duck meat, garlic leaves, onions, leeks, spices and eggs are the ingredients used in the preparation of this stew. It is interesting to know that duck meat has been more common in Gilani foods in the past.
12. Kooiee Tareh
This delicious dish is slightly similar to Mirza Ghasemi, but its base is pumpkin instead of eggplant. Pumpkin, Garlic, Pecans, Sugar, Pomegranate, Tomatoes and a little Spice, especially marjoram are used to cook this meal.
13. Fish Fesenjun
The recipe for this delicious dish is almost like the Fesenjun stew, with the exception of using chicken or duck meat. Some use delicious Rutilus kutumto make this delicious food, but it’s more common to use a complete fish in the north. Grilled peanuts, pomegranate sauce, and fried and tasted fish are the ingredients you need to make this meal.
14. Kal Kebab
Kal Kebab is actually a gilani gourmet appetizer that is made with pomegranate, walnuts, fragrant herbs (peanuts, peppermint, choochagh), grilled eggplant, pomegranate juice, marjoram, and salt. After being made, the food must be placed in the refrigerator to allow them to eat well.
This is one of Gilani’s most famous food items, which you can hear from the list of many North Iranian cuisine. The basis of this food is, as its name implies, beans. To prepare this delicious dish, you need peeled bean, dill, garlic, salt, turmeric and eggs. It can also added cinnamon and pepper to make the food cool.
16. Ghooreh Musamma
Sometimes this northern food is confused with eggplant stew. Ghooreh Musamma is a gourmet dish which is made from the combination of eggplant with fried chicken, ghorre and tomatoes and spices. Vegetables are a good option to be served next to Ghooreh Musamma.
Registering Rasht City as the Creative Food City in the UNESCO World Organization
Rasht has joined the Creative Cities Network at UNESCO World Wide Web due to its high diversity of food (over 170 types of food) as well as the existence of cooking schools in various sectors and fields, but it is possible to say that the city of Rasht is as a representative of All Gilan cities on the list.
What is a network of creative cities and what was the purpose of forming it?
The UNESCO Creative Cities Network was launched in 2004 among cities that use the creativity factor for sustainability in the city. In principle, these cities benefit from new ideas to help preserve the various dimensions of their native culture, including food, clothing, music, and more. There are about 116 cities in this list, Rasht is one of them. Cities in the network commit to sharing their development activities and interacting with civil society. The UNESCO Creative Cities Network covers seven creative areas that include handicrafts, native art, media, film, design, gastronomy, literature and music.
The inclusion in this list is not the end: since the UNESCO has been reviewing the changes of registered cities every four years and examining their progress. In these surveys, if it is determined that the city in question has not met the organization’s goals, it will be removed from the list. In this regard, the city of Rasht helps to survive in such activities as creating cooking workshops, holding exhibitions and festivals.
With Iran Magic Travel we had a tour of the colorful and delicious Gilaki cuisine, and we only traveled to a very small part of this diverse world. The diversity of food is not surprising because of the geographical location of this province and is a good reason to register this beautiful city in the list of creative cities in the field of food at UNESCO.
Now it’s your turn to tell us about the delightful experience of tasting delicious dishes of Rashti and Gilani.